How much does a divorce cost?
A divorce can cost $1,500, $3,000, $5,000, $10,000, or $100,000, or any amounts in between. It depends on how much there is to fight about (kids and property), and how much you and/or your spouse want to fight it out in the court system.
First, the current Tarrant County filing fee for divorce is $345, unless you are indigent, and then it is free. However, unless Legal Aid has screened you and certified your indigence, Tarrant County is unlikely to accept your word for it and will try to make you pay the fee. Count on paying the fee.
A process server (to serve the papers on your spouse) will cost about $100 or more.
Most family law attorneys bill by the hour. Flat fees generally don’t work in family cases because it is unknown at the outset how long a case will go on. An experienced attorney will cost at least $250 per hour, while a board certified attorney will cost at least $500 an hour.
Clients pay attorneys retainers which the attorney draws from as work is done and hourly fees are paid on the case. A retainer for an uncontested case may be $1,500. A retainer for a contested case, meaning the other side does not agree on some or all issues, is usually at least $3,000.
When the retainer is depleted, the client must replenish it if there is still work to be done on the case, or pay the attorney month to month. If the client does not pay the attorney, the attorney can withdraw.
Self Represented Litigants
Can you save money doing your own divorce? Almost certainly not and the costs down the road could be very steep.
Doing your own divorce is generally a terrible idea if you have kids or property, and it is nearly impossible not to have at least some property. Attorneys have horror stories of how clients messed up their cases and hired an attorney to try and fix it, but some things cannot be easily fixed or fixed at all.
For example, what if division of a retirement plan was left off of a divorce decree? This is probably not fixable later and you will not have a comfortable retirement.
What about the otherwise fit mother who signed a divorce decree that did not have a possession schedule for her? The father denied access, and the mother was left with no rights to see her twin daughters and the judge would not make any changes at a temporary orders hearing on her motion to modify the decree due to “no material and substantial change.”
An Amicable Divorce?
If you are truly fortunate you and your ex may agree on the basic terms of your divorce, trust each other completely to be honest about each other’s assets, and may be able to work almost everything out (child custody, child support, health insurance, and property division).
In that case, it is totally possible for the divorce to be completed around the cost of $1,500 including filing fee.
This includes drafting the divorce petition, ensuring service of the decree on the other party or properly executed waiver of service, drafting of the divorce decree and other documents. Drafting of real estate documents increases the cost.
But is this type of budget divorce really such a good idea? It depends on your comfort level. Do you have complete trust that your soon to be ex is totally upfront on his or her assets? Texas is a community property state and you presumptively own 50 percent of all assets accrued during the marriage.
It is very wise in such cases for each party to make an inventory of all their assets, and swear to the list under oath, so each side can provide the list to the other side and the divorcing couple can have confidence in the eventual outcome and recourse if one party is dishonest. An inventory will also add to the cost but is worth it.
Temporary orders hearings may be needed at the beginning of a divorce case to obtain temporary orders for child custody, child support, and possession of property while the divorce is pending. Often passions are high at the beginning of a divorce, necessitating a trip to the courthouse for a temporary orders hearing.
Assuming passions cool later, and the case is eventually settled in mediation, a case requiring at least one court hearing will probably cost at least $5,000 if not more.
But the initial temporary orders hearing may beget another temporary orders hearing, plus other costs, such as drug or alcohol testing, parenting classes, child custody evaluations, fees for parenting facilitators or attorney ad litems, counseling, and many other costs.
Often these costs can’t be avoided. If the other parent commits family violence or is a drug addict, you have to take action to protect yourself and/or your child, or your safety and parenting rights will be at risk.
If the other parent is unreasonable and unfairly denying access, you have to stand up for your rights to see your child.
After the temporary orders hearing, both sides may request the other side to produce discovery, such as lists of potential witnesses and other basic information, written answers to questions known as interrogatories, voluminous requests for documents such as paystubs, bank records, property documentation, and other documents.
Parties may be ordered to sit for depositions where they are questioned by the other party’s attorney about various matters. The discovery process can be very expensive and invasive, and detailed questions about acts of infidelity are part of standard discovery questions in divorce cases.
Initial divorce filing-service of process-temporary orders hearing-custody evaluation-discovery-sworn inventories-mediation-drafting of final decree. This sequence will probably cost somewhere from $7,500 to $10,000, or more.
Getting Serious at Mediation
Mediation is a fantastic process where even highly contested, high conflict cases are settled by highly skilled mediators.
Each party sits in a separate room with their attorney and the mediator goes room to room conveying offers and counteroffers. Mediation is highly recommended, usually successful and often mandatory in family district courts. And it saves thousands of dollars or tens of thousands of dollars, and can help parties get on with their lives faster and preserve their relationship for co-parenting of minor children.
What if the case does not settle at mediation?
Unless the case is miraculously settled later, you are going to trial. And this is where it gets really expensive. A trial could last a day or several days, and the attorney’s time and effort preparing as well as time spent at trial is expensive, not to mention the cost of psychological experts, etc. This is an exhausting process that some people find traumatizing.
Now we are talking tens of thousands in costs or even six figures. At this point, your divorce is taking at least two to three years to resolve.
An experienced attorney knows the process, is comfortable with it, and ready to do battle to protect his or her client and advance his or her interests.
But an experienced, compassionate attorney does not want to put you through this entire gauntlet unless it is unavoidable. A client is best served by a fair resolution of the case through informal agreement, mediation, or other means, avoiding angst, stress, and uncertainly that will affect you and your children.
Find an attorney with the skills needed to help you resolve your case amicably and save thousands and even tens of thousands.
Please call (469)322-9238 or email firstname.lastname@example.org to set up a consultation with attorney Jonathan Fox to discuss your case.